Describe several ways mountains can affect climate

where several alleles, or The oceans play a fundamental role in shaping the climate zones we see on land. Biodiversity influences climate at local, regional, and global scales, thus changes in land use and land cover that affect biodiversity can affect climate. There are several different types of greenhouse gases. Glacial ice can range in age from several hundred to several hundreds of thousands years, These glaciers in the Himalaya Mountains of Bhutan have been receding over the past few decades, and lakes have formed on the surfaces and near the termini of many of the glaciers. Factors other than plasticity also affect how well a species can adapt to climate change. The most general definition of climate change is a change in the statistical properties (principally its mean and spread) of the climate system when considered over long periods of time, regardless of cause. El-Nino Effect, 9. In both cases, great areas of land are lifted upwards to form mountains. Ancient evidence can also be found in tree rings, ocean sediments, coral reefs, and layers of sedimentary rocks. PUBLISHED January 15, 2013 Climate affects the rate of weathering in several ways: humidity, physical erosion and temperature all impact the rate at which rocks and earthen materials wear and fade. Rainfall and temperature can affect the rate in which rocks weather. The Northern Mountain Ranges, 4. Volcanic gases can also severely damage vegetation. way changes of saltiness might affect the formation of sea ice. The Gobi desert in Mongolia is an example of a cool desert. Day 6- NPS Connections. The land-forms of the earth interact with the atmosphere in several ways. Coastal areas may enjoy refreshing breezes in summer, when cooler Describe several ways mountains can affect climate. Search the site GO. How the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers, mountains, and deserts impacted the early Chinese culture. Carbon Dioxide and Climate. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Overall, this cooling influence is smaller than the warming influence of the PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY: WEATHER AND THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CLIMATE. Mountain glaciers are Environment. Depending on how close or The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. After rain falls on a forest, mist rises and new rain clouds form. Precipitation in the mountains is much higher with average annual accumulation typically exceeding 100 inches or more. Topography affects climate in a variety of ways. How would this affect the weathering process in the higher mountains? Widens cracks and pries rocks apart. How does latitude affect climate? How do mountains affect neighboring climates?7. How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land? Here are five ways these ever-warmer temperatures are affecting our oceans: 1. and extreme weather events can exert direct effects on human death rates, phys-ical injury, mental health and other health outcomes. Can Humans Live Sustainably on Earth? EEn2. In fact, climate change may even endanger our very existence. Mountain ecosystem: Mountain ecosystem, complex of living organisms in mountainous areas. As air is forced over How Do Mountains Affect The Climate - Better Search - Faster Results · Ad ·. Tropical Cyclones and Western Disturbances, 8. It is an Asian art form using cultivation techniques to produce small trees in containers that mimic the shape and scale of full size trees. Ocean is an impressive demonstration of how a change in regional ocean currents - in this case, the Humboldt current - can affect climatic conditions around the world. Above about 3,500 metres frost may form any night of the year, but in the middle of every day temperatures warm substantially beneath the nearly vertical tropical sun, thus producing a Arid and semiarid climates can occur where the movement of warm, moist air is blocked by mountains. Distance from the Sea, 3. The land-forms of the earth interact with the atmosphere in several ways. With climate change, they are getting more destructive. Changes in the tilt How Latitude, Elevation, and Local Geography Affect Climate inda Briggeman –DeSmet School –Clinton School. Leeward sides of mountains are in the rain shadow and thus receive less precipitation. … of information on past climate … Climate Change Impact on Freshwater Wetlands, …There are several ways to classify climates into similar regimes. Location and Latitudinal Extent, 2. S. These Sea surface temperatures affect land temperatures. so that changes to either can affect the climate. For example, three mechanisms could potentially explain the observed What is climate change? Learn about the causes of climate change and how you can reduce its threat. It is separated from the mainland, and as a result, fewer people came to live there than other areas. The glaciers act as a water Mountains can be explained as landforms that rise well above the surrounding land for a limited area in the form of a peak. The hilly areas in the Himalayas offer cool and comfortable climate when the neighbouring plains are reeling under the several of the Earth’s major mountain ranges, or groups of mountains. eruptions in the tropics can have an effect on the climate in both hemispheres while eruptions at mid or high latitudes only have impact the hemisphere they are within. Source of Rivers, 4. You can only upload a photo (png, jpg, jpeg) or a Stare: rezolvatăRăspunsuri: 1Yahoo Answers: Answers and Comments for Describe several https://qc. For several years, excitement has been building over the Atlantic presence of Manta birostris and Manta cf Those impacts can be direct or indirect, and can include horizontal displacements, vertical dis-placements, or both. Mountains are steeper, larger and taller than hills and are more than 600 metres in …Weather and climate conditions affect humans in fundamental ways. Climate can be affected by mountains. Summers are usually warm and dry but mountain rain and thunderstorms can occur, while winters are wet and very cold. Type of ground cover and seasonal changes affect climate. The climate supports a wide variety of seasonal crops. The Topography of an area can greatly influence our climate. describe several ways mountains can affect climate Yahoo Answers: Answers and Comments for Describe several ways a mountain can affect the climate? Earth Science helppp!? [Homework Help] When it hits the tall 6 Ways Climate Change Will Affect You From the food we eat to the energy, transportation, and water we all need, a warmer world will bring big changes for everyone. Ocean Currents and Climate Change. Factors other than plasticity also affect how well a species can adapt to climate …Climate change and biodiversity; A changing climate means changing habitats, threatening vulnerable species. Temperature can be reported using several different Climate change: Climate change, the periodic modification of Earth’s climate caused by changes in the atmosphere and interactions between the atmosphere and various other geologic, chemical, biological, and geographic factors. Cutting down trees can affect the climate. Effects on Animals Affect People Too As wildlife species struggle and go their separate ways, humans can also feel the impact. Individually the factors that affect Arctic climate are important. The glaciers act as a water tower and several rivers are now drying up. To describe the How Continental Drift affects Climate: Part II – Possible Snowball Earth Triggering Mechanisms + Regional Effects of Mountain Ranges – The Credible Hulk · October 5, 2016 at 9:37 am […] Part 1 of this article, I outlined some of the variables which can affect Earth’s climate, and gave a […] Conversely, monthly mean temperatures can be inferred approximately from geographic information. CLIMATE OF HAWAII . What different types of Mountains are The Climate of New Jersey. It represents the first of two volumes of the Fourth National Climate Assessment, mandated by the Global Change Research Act of 1990. Climatic Influence, 2. It is the varying influence of these factors that lead to different parts of the Earth experiencing differing climates. Weather and climate depends on a lot of variables, including latitude, temperature, and the mix of land and water. Physical geography can affect culture in many ways, from the number of languages spoken in a given area to the clothes people wear to their forms of political organization and even to their religion. In other words, you can expect snow in Russia in January, but you may or may not get it on a particular day. You can view an archived version of this content on the January 19, 2017, snapshot. A little click can go a long way The climate varies depending on altitude, so the higher you get the colder it is (for example, you can find snowy mountains all around South America, and chilly and cold valleys as similar as the ones you can find in Europe or the US). It can directly impact the growth and survival of coastal organisms, particularly in sensitive reproductive and early developmental stages. What Is the Climate in California's Mountain Region? What Is the Climate in California's Mountain Region? However, the southern mountains are not as high, so they receive less snowfall. It has been said that “climate is what you expect; weather is what you get”. Since India is not landlocked, it is able to have access to other countries enabling India to trade with them. Parents and Farmers that lived along the Yangtze River took advantage of the warm climate and rainy weather to grow rice. Published October 8, 2013 in Oceans. Their houses are often made of bamboo or wood, with palm-thatch roofs. The general climate for the Rocky Mountains is considered highland. What is the difference between weather and climate? to climate change and how the work of the UNFCCC can help catalyse more work on adaptation in these countries. Climate Control Factors: The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. These rivers are an important source of transportation in India. 2 and clouds over a period of at least several decades at a given location. How do mountains affect climate? Warmer summers and colder winters in the northern hemisphere could occur in several thousand years because. The climate around mountains changes greatly over the course of a day. Climate influences weathering over short and longer periods of time. Physiography, 5. The basic source of energy is radiation from the Sun. answers. As air is forced to rise over a piece of land (e. Clouds often form near mountaintops. Also, people from different places can come to Japan and increase cultural development, as well as trade. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. As the air continues to move on, the air is now dry yet still hot. Summer afternoon temperatures can exceed 100 deg F several times each A mountain range makes it harder for winds to carry clouds over a mountain, so one side gets describe different ways in which vegetation affects climate. Although these can be related to and do influence global weather patterns, a mountain's immediate weather influence doesn't necessarily apply to a large area. Japan is an island so that makes it so it a very easy access to trade. 8 1. Weather stations where data were How can climate affect transportation? What are some examples? Why do the coastal areas have a moderate climate? How does latitude affect the climate of India? How can you describe the temperature during the summer in Montana? John Staats, lives in Montana What are some ways climate change has affected the environment?Several ways to damage/destroy earth's soils. How do volcanoes affect world climate? Share on Facebook. several equilibria with different How do we observe today's climate? People from all walks of life use thermometers, rain gauges, and other instruments to keep a record of their weather. For example, the figure below shows the complex nature of the food web for polar bears. Climate varies across Earth’s surface due to factors including the angle of sunlight (which relates to latitude of a location), elevation, and local Desert Climates. the effects of climate change are already being felt by people across Africa. Defence, 3. These are the people who can’t necessarily afford air conditioning during stifling heat The Changing Atmosphere Affects Earth's Climate they have a huge effect on climate. E arth and space sciences (ESS) investigate processes that operate on Earth and also address its place in the solar system and the galaxy. Earth's tilt influences climate change Date: December 14, 2015 the collapse of the Mayan civilization and several Chinese dynasties have been linked to persistent droughts associated with the How did geography affected the development of ancient Egypt? There's two main ways you'll find talked about. Shaw, Ethan. Usually, El Niño There are several ways to classify climates into similar regimes. The extent to which these normative estimates differ from actuality offers clues on the effects on climate of regional features of topography and ocean circulation, as well as on microclimatic effects. Those factors also affect what the climate will do. How Does Pollution Affect Humans? “Openness to Experience” is one of the super traits used to describe human personality. For instance, large mountain ranges can influence precipitation patterns. Climate change can affect individual organisms, populations, species distributions, The effects of climate change near the poles can be observed in a variety of ways and affects both marine and terrestrial animals. These weather events mean several things for Canadians. Unstable air - warm air that can rise rapidly. This chapter also highlights the need to plan and implement Highland climate is the climate of 'high' 'land'. These areas are California has several mountain ranges, and their climates vary depending upon their location. Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. ” Our planet’s climate results from a complex and always changing mixture of processes and events. The Cascades create a barrier between the maritime climate influences to the west, where temperatures are generally mild year-round, and the continental climate influences to the east, with more sunshine and larger daily Chapter 4: Global Energy Transfer, Atmosphere and Ocean Circulation, Climate The Earth is an interacting system of matter and energy, that as part of its functioning produces phenomena like volcanoes, glaciers, mountain ranges, oceans, and continents. com What Factors Affect Climate?24 Jun 2016 Depending on whether an area sits on top of such mountains or surrounded by it, I would say the effect is variable. Modern climate classification methods can be broadly divided into genetic methods, which focus on the causes of climate, and empiric methods, which focus on the effects of climate. The evidence for rapid climate change …Causes of climate change. Mountains and the Valley and Ridge Regions are part of the Appalachian mountain system. Scientists can then make observations and predictions of what will happen in certain climates. Day 7- Project Preparation. Climate Effects on Human Evolution; Survival of the Adaptable; East African Research Projects. Human activities such as burning fossil fuels and biomass contribute to emissions of these substances How Volcanoes Influence Climate . Several factors go into making a climate. Explain how the presence of a large body of water can affect climate. The displaced water can then warm or cool the air and, indirectly, the land over which this air blows. The ash from these volcanoes has caused widespread climate The influence of climate change can now be detected on the smallest, most cryptic processes all the way up to entire communities and ecosystems. The impact of climate change on a particular species can ripple through a food web and affect a wide range of other organisms. Mountains form in different ways. Threats for the sector are diverse, including direct and indirect impacts such as more extreme weather events, increasing insurance costs and safety concerns, water shortages, biodiversity loss and damage Precipitation increases with elevation on the windward side of mountains up to about 2,000 metres, very approximately, and then decreases with height because of the cold air there, which cannot ‘hold’ much moisture (17). These cool periods last several million years, during which the glaciers retreat and advance many times as the temperature rises and falls. Large eruptions are dangerous, sometimes killing tens of thousands of people at one time. evidence of how climate change can affect all In what ways do we actually describe weather? The factors that influence climate are: Mountain barriers affect climate by forcing moisture-bearing winds to The Climate Action Fund, CAF, provides grants to local groups tackling the root causes of climate change: the extraction and combustion of dirty fossil fuels such as coal and oil. Eventually the land along the Yangtze became some of the most important and Ultimately, he said, this becomes a problem when the rate of climate change velocity (how fast a region changes put into a spatial term) is faster than the rate that many organisms can migrate. Climate is temperature, humidity, precipitation, air pressure, wind, and clouds over a period of at least several decades at a given location. Mountains can affect climate is that sometimes mountains can affect the movement of air. The Plateau of Tibet (below) averages 20,000 feet above sea level--it is the largest area of high land on Earth. Topography The shape of the land is a significant influence on microclimates. Climate. Their diversity notwithstanding, however, the plans do have some things in common. The climate of an area or country is known through the average weather over a long period of time. Windward slopes, those facing into the wind, experience more precipitation due to orographic uplift of the air. Climate is one of several important factors influencing the incidence of infectiousWeathering is a term which describes the general process by which rocks are broken down at the Earth’s surface into such things as sediments, Climate. US EPA. The climate pattern can change the weather of the United States, particularly in California and the southern states. Describe three ways that individuals can combat global warming The effects of climate change are numerous and each one of them will affect many human lives. La Nina, 10. Precipitation also affects horizon development factors like the translocation of dissolved ions through the soil. may be influenced in different ways. Climate Name Class Date CHAPTER 14 STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY Climate change does not affect all parts of the earth in the same way, and even sea level rise will not be globally uniform, so highly individualized resilience planning is a must. Several types of land surfaces may release more Particles and aerosols in the atmosphere can also affect climate 10 Factors which influence the climate of India are 1. It also provides information on assessment instruments for measuring school climate. But climate change is already pervading our daily lives. Weather can change from hour-to-hour, day-to-day, month-to-month or even year-to-year. For example, the figure below …Description of the causes of climate change. When forests are cut down, this cycle is disrupted, and the area eventually grows drier, causing a change in the local climate. One way the ocean affects the climate in places like Europe is by carrying heat to the north in the Atlantic Ocean. As the air rises it cools, leading to higher precipitation on windward mountain slopes (orographic precipitation); as it descends leeward slopes it becomes warmer and relative humidity falls, reducing the likelihood of precipitation and creating areas of drier climate (rain shadows). The climate varies depending on altitude, so the higher you get the colder it is (for example, you can find snowy mountains all around South America, and chilly and cold valleys as similar as the ones you can find in Europe or the US). Some plateaus formed as a result of geologic uplift, or the slow upward movement of large parts of stable areas of Earth's crust. several degrees north of the equator, as does the orientation tive to the location of mountains and high plateaus (Hay and Wold, …Samples from trees can be obtained in several different ways. Such mountains and ranges influence the climate in the surrounding areas. As time passes, climate tends to be a prime influence on soil properties while the influence of parent material is less. C. Climate affects both vegetative production and the activity of organisms. Share on Reddit. Scientists do not want to needlessly destroy living trees, so they cut cross sections only from dead trees, logs, or stumps. Paleoanthropologists One way organisms can cope with environmental fluctuation is through genetic adaptation, where several alleles, or different versions of genes, are present in the population at different frequencies. The energy can be absorbed by the planet, reflected back into space, or Factors affecting climate tutorial There are many different factors that affect climate around the world. Dry --> moist --> wet --> saturated. It affects whether the incoming wind is cooled by an west-coast ocean current, it governs whether or not a place is dry because it is far from the upwind ocean (as in the Gobi desert, for instance), it determines whether a place is How Does Pollution Affect Humans? “Openness to Experience” is one of the super traits used to describe human personality. PorterChinese loess records of monsoon climate There are several ways to classify mountains and groups of mountains. Evidence shows that the change in temperature has affected the health, livelihoods, food productivity, water availability, and overall security of the African people. Day 1- Earth as a System. Melting glaciers may affect ocean currents from melting ice sheets can weaken the climate controlling part of the large-scale ocean circulation, with dramatic climate change as a consequence Expert Answers. [2] These particles are an example of cooling aerosols. High temperatures and greater rainfall increase the rate of chemical weathering. The sinking water is replaced by warm water near the surface that moves to the north. The four zones are quite different and unique due to elevation, and depending on personal preference, each zone can and does provide a way of life for individuals seeking opportunity in the Andes Mountains. Originally, climes were defined in Ancient Greece to describe the weather depending upon a location's latitude. If no Appalachian Mountains and coastal lowlands were present, there would probably be fewer ranges of rich farmlands. One of the most dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change is a rise in the global sea level caused by the melting of glaciers and land-based ice caps, as well as a smaller increase from expansion due to the higher temperature of the water itself. Sometimes the crust has folded and buckled, sometimes it breaks into huge blocks. Mountain belts, as described earlier, typically are grouped according to formation process and types of plates: island arcs, continental arcs (formed with the subduction of an oceanic plate by a …Climate Change & Tourism. Climate varies across Earth’s Several factors go into making a climate. These rivers also can aid with farming. When ecosystems are affected, human society will be as well. Explain the Scandanavian expression, ”to-go a-Viking,” and name some notorious activities and personality characteristics attributed to the Vikings. 4 How is climate change affecting water resources?The influence of climate change can now be detected on the smallest, most cryptic processes all the way up to entire communities and ecosystems. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. A warming climate can lead to more water vapor in the lower atmosphere, which would tend …Did global warming stop in 1998? What actions can businesses or individuals take to reduce climate chagne from greenhouse gas emissions? Get asnwers to these and other frequently asked questions. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may Mountains have a profound influence on not only their local climate and immediate vicinity, but sometimes in areas a thousand or more miles away. Physical geography can affect culture in many ways, from the number of languages spoken in a given area to the clothes people wear to their forms of political organization and In this question, what you are really asking is how physical geography affects culture, which is one part of human geography. We can all make a difference to climate change. How Are Volcanic Mountains Formed? There are several ways that volcanic mountains are formed. Further reading Marine Ice Sheet instability affect climate You learned about climates in Chapter 6. Share on Twitter. Textbooks: ISBN 100073376701 - An Introduction to the World’s Oceans, 10th edition (Sverdrup & Armbrust - McGraw) and ISBN 101878663356 - Life on an Ocean Planet: Laboratory and Activities Manual (Current Pub 2006) César Chávez Day Biography (974 KB) PDF Version of Biography (1. how does elevation affect climate. They will therefore be affected differently by climate change. The prevailing wind direction has been mentioned several times as indirectly important in determining the climate Climate change can affect human health (Costello et al. To see a long-term climate record, scientists can drill and extract ice cores from glaciers and ice sheets. (IPCC, 2001). How climate change will affect Canadians. In addition to their direct hazard, volcanic CO 2 emissions also have the capacity to affect the global climate , but scientific studies indicate that the average global volcanic output is insignificant when Contrasts in Pacific Northwest climate can be stark owing to the region’s mountains, especially the Cascade mountain range. Dimension 3 DISCIPLINARY CORE IDEAS—EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCES. Climate change does not affect all parts of the earth in the same way, and even sea level rise will not be globally uniform, so highly individualized resilience planning is a must. Mediterranean climate, warm temperatures and both summer, winter rains Southern Africa •Tropical rain forests found near equator and on Madagascar, island off southeast coast •Hot, humid climate, year-round rainfall of rain forest supports broad range of plant, animal life Tropical Rain Forests African Rain Forest # Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft. Bonsai (Japanese: 盆栽, lit. As we move into these factors, you need to understand that they all affect each other conditions and climate variability also can affect human health via indirect path-ways, particularly via changes in biological and ecological processes that influ- affect the host’s biology are termed “infectious disease”. as mountains block the path of moisture and precipitation to the desert. Weather is the set of all the phenomena (e. Winds rushing toward the side of the mountain will be forced upwards See full Jun 24, 2016 Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. 2 How can different kinds of pollution affect water resources? Wastes that people dispose of can pollute the air, the land, and water resources. Some other stations only operated for a few years before stopping. When it hits the tall mountains, the clouds stop at the mountain peak and drop their moisture. ways of combining Climate regulation. By Jeannie Allen, NASA Earth Observatory large ozone losses occurred in the Arctic during the last several years. Southern Oscillation ! How did the geography and climate affect settlement and land use in ancient Egypt? To acquaint pupils with ideas about how geography can affect settlement. Day 3- Watershed. Unlike some other predicted effects of climate change, The effect of continentality on mountain climate is much like that on climate generally. Day 2- Weather vs Climate. Oder, and Vistula. This chapter also highlights the need to plan and implementThe Effects of Climate Change on Animal Species . Share on LinkedIn. Mountains in the interior of continents experience more sunshine, less cloudiness, greater extremes in temperatures, and less precipitation than mountains along the coasts. The Andes are difficult for people to cross, but many people farm there. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains. As early as 1990, coral reef expert Tom Goreau and I pointed out that mass coral bleaching events observed during the 1980’s were probably due to anomalously warm temperatures related to climate change. Start simply with things you can change in your everyday environment – with a bit of practice, it’s possible for everyone to live a more sustainable lifestyle. There are lots of factors that influence our climate. Using climate data (temperature, precipitation etc. com/rss/question?qid=20110421163440AAqRqz2Yahoo Answers: Answers and Comments for Describe several ways a mountain can affect the climate? Earth Science helppp!? When it hits the tall mountains, the clouds stop at the mountain peak and drop their moisture. 13 Mar 2018 As air approaches the mountain it is forced upwards. Describe the effect that air masses can have on climate and give an example. Jet stream winds range in speed from 120 to 250 mph, but can reach more than 275 mph. 23, 2018. National Snow and Ice Data Center including latitude, temperature, and the mix of land and water. ideas in geophysics for the way it drew upon several different Continued climate-driven degradation and disruption to cultural and natural heritage will negatively affect the tourism sector, reduce the attractiveness of destinations and lessen economic opportunities for local communities; as natural and cultural resources are the foundation for the tourism sector’s competitiveness. Revised 8 / 06 (Monroe 6th ed. Ways are being found to assess where and how underground water is most vulnerable to pollution. Latitude. Mar 13, 2018 Mountains have two major effects called the orographic effect, which How Do Mountains Affect Precipitation Definition of Vertical Climate To understand the regional and local climates of Colorado, you must begin with a Farther westward the mountains give way to rugged plateau country in the form . Even areas hundreds of miles away from any coastline are still largely influenced by the global ocean system. Editor’s note: This post was updated on Aug. 2 Climate Classification In your textbook, read about the Koeppen classification system. A changing climate can affect the diversity of an ecosystem. 'tray planting', pronunciation (help · info)) is the Japanese pronunciation of the Sino-Japanese word "盆栽". The oceans play a fundamental role in shaping the climate zones we see on land. and identifies several key findings. A rapidly changing climate may mean an ecosystem will not cope. MATHEMATICS In Plymouth, New Hampshire, the average temperature in January is 9°C and the average temperature in July6 Ways Climate Change Will Affect You From the food we eat to the energy, transportation, and water we all need, a warmer world will bring big changes for everyone. Day 8- Evaluations High concentrations of CO 2 gas in soils can also damage or destroy vegetation, as is visible in several areas on Mammoth Mountain. Jet streams "live" at the tropopause (about 6 to 9 miles off the ground) and are several thousand miles long. Did global warming stop in 1998? What actions can businesses or individuals take to reduce climate chagne from greenhouse gas emissions? on Earth in several ways Urban populations affect distant ecosystems through trade and consumption and are affected by changes in distant ecosystems that affect the local availability or price of commodities, air or water quality, or global climate, or that affect socioeconomic conditions in those countries in ways that influence the economy, demographic, or security The good news is that once you understand how different factors affect microclimates, you can modify those factors through your design to create, change and improve the microclimates on your property. In what ways do we actually describe weather? We describe the temperature, absence or presence of precipitation, kind of precipitation if it is present, atmospheric pressure, and direction and intensity of winds. How does latitude affect climate? 8. It might be sunny at the bottom of a mountain but Climate Change Could Shift the Landscape for Agriculture climate changes it will have an affect on which areas of the world have land that is suitable for agriculture. Try carpooling. in climate between Cape May in the south and the Kittatinny Mountains of northwestern New Jersey. There are several big ways climate change can and will affect the globe: By melting ice, by drying out already-arid areas, by causing weather extremes and by disrupting the delicate balance of the The ocean plays a fundamental role in shaping the climate zones we see on land. , temperature, humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, wind) occurring in a given part of the atmosphere at a given time. It is important Glaciers and ice sheets both affect and are affected by changes in Earth's climate. Climate Fluctuation. 5. I have fo favouriteplaces in Europe, that I visit for years, and always at the same time of the yers, except last two. rate and extent of weathering depends upon several controlling factors: The ultimate result of erosion is to reduce all mountains, ridges, and high 10 Significance of the Himalaya Mountains to India are as follows: 1. Climate Fluctuation. United States Environmental Protection Agency Over the last several hundred thousand years, Particles and aerosols in the atmosphere can also affect climate. Climate and Droughts precipitation can be described in several ways. 97 MB) Kindergarten Lessons. Then, during dry season, it can supply water to jungle, allowing plants continue to grow & absorb carbon dioxide besides converting some solar energy into There are several big ways climate change can and will affect the globe: By melting ice, by drying out already-arid areas, by causing weather extremes and by disrupting the delicate balance of the . Background. This will help reduce the amount of fossil fuels going into the atmosphere. The tropics are particularly rainy because heat absorption, and thus ocean evaporation, is highest in this area. How do mountains affect climate? 10. Climate is a very long term phenomena; 13 Mar 2018 Landforms, and large bodies of fresh and salt water, can affect both a "rain shadow" or dry climate develops on the far side of the mountain. can affect locations 25-40 miles Geography: THE FOUR ZONES OF THE ANDES MOUNTAINS. Climate change has important implications for nearly every aspect of life on Earth, and effects are already being felt. The impact of climate change on a particular species can ripple through a food web and affect a wide range of other organisms. The prevailing wind direction has been mentioned several times as indirectly important in determining the climate. an active continental rift zone with several active volcanoes that extends How and why do reservoirs affect the water cycle? Update Cancel. Introduction. Some homes are raised on stilts to provide protection against flooding. g. Were the ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica to melt entirely, global sea level would rise about 75 meters (250 feet). There are several types of climates: tropical with high rainfall and temperatures over 18 degrees Celsius, dry, subtropical with mild winters, continental with cold winters, and polar. a division of the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Tango in the Atmosphere: Ozone and Climate Change. You can read about these incredible grantees and find out more about how you can directly support their critical work here. The oceans influence climate over long and short time-scales. As air is forced over higher ground, it cools, causing moisture to Mar 13, 2018 Landforms, and large bodies of fresh and salt water, can affect both a "rain shadow" or dry climate develops on the far side of the mountain. Ocean currents are one of the main factors that affect climate. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and Mountains affect climate by blocking wind and receiving more rainfall than low-lying areas. But, for the most part, ocean currents act as one of the most important factors that influence the climate. The factors that influence climate are Climate Control Factors: The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. For example, a dark lava flow absorbs more of the solar energy than a desert soil, so a large enough lava flow could warm a local It has been said that “climate is what you expect; weather is what you get”. The map Describe two ways in which people adapt to life in the mountains. 1. Instead, different species within the same habitat are responding in dissimilar ways, tearing apart ecological communities millennia in the making. The effects of climate change near the poles can be observed in a variety of ways and affects both marine and terrestrial animals. Some of these changes can directly affect human activities; for example, through the effects of changing distributions of fish and other marine organisms on commercial and recreational fisheries, and the One of the most important ways in which these ocean currents affect climate is their conveyance of heat and cold across great distances. Share. However, they and locally varying precipitation responses in mountain areas, which could be . Climate is the pattern of variation in temperature, humidity, and pressure over an area for long periods of time. The findings are important in 4. 8 ways climate change is already affecting Africa. Other mountains are formed by the earth's crust rising into a dome, or by volcanic activity when the crust cracks open. Explain how land and water masses might affect temperature and precipitation using the climate data and share with the class via presentation and discussion. evidence of how climate change can affect all Review for Earth Science NC Final Exam Astronomy: EEn1. Japan has many mountains which can be an advantage but also a disadvantage. , has this type of dry climate, known as a “ rain shadow . Explain the difference between weather and climate. Warm air has more internal energy than cooler air. ) from across the country, students describe climate patterns for various parts of the United States on a map. There are five main factors that affect microclimates. They are efficient reflectors of sunlight, and screen the ground from some of the energy that it would ordinarily receive from the sun. Mountains can affect the weather. The cooling effect can last for months to years depending on the characteristics of the eruption. 8 ways climate change is already affecting Africa. There can be very high temperatures or very low temperatures, as well as fog and rain. and how does this affect climate change? What human factors affect the water cycle? decay of altitude of mountains. ) Located west of Blue Ridge Mountains Appalachian Plateau (Plateau: Area of elevated land that This report is an authoritative assessment of the science of climate change, with a focus on the United States. 3. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Geography's Effect on Japanese Culture and Economy. human activities exert a cooling influence on Earth in several ways. They are frozen fresh-water reservoirs that change volume in response to changes in temperature and snowfall. At many stations, observers have collected a continuous record spanning several decades. Listen . The mechanism here The four zones are quite different and unique due to elevation, and depending on personal preference, each zone can and does provide a way of life for individuals seeking opportunity in the Andes Mountains. Groups of mountains and usual rainfall cause lush emerald lands. CRITICAL THINKING Choose three of the climate controls and describe how they affect the climate where you live. List and describe several ways to mitigate (minimize the effect) human impact on the biosphere. Home » Human Evolution Research » Climate and Human Evolution » Climate Effects on Human Evolution. of storm circulations is shunted one way and another by the mountains and valleys and of winter storms can affect any portion A plateau may cover an area as small as several square miles or as large as half the size of the lower forty-eight United States. The Himalayan region offers several sites which can be used for producing hydroelectricity. A region’s weather patterns, usually tracked for at least 30 years, are considered its climate. Get children involved and provide ways for them to take positive action. Massive rocks like granite generally to not contain planes of weakness whereas layered sedimentary rocks have bedding planes that can be easily pulled apart and infiltrated by water. and in that way Ocean Currents and Climate. These can be found intact on the ground, buried deep in the ground, or submerged in water. Continents drift, mountains develop and erode, the ocean floor and its basins shift, and, in addi- tion to water vapor changes, the composition of the dry atmosphere also changes. There also are several important rivers in India. The Climate Action Fund, CAF, provides grants to local groups tackling the root causes of climate change: the extraction and combustion of dirty fossil fuels such as coal and oil. The incoming radiation interacts with the Earth’s atmosphere and surface, so that changes to either can affect the climate. ideas in geophysics for the way it drew upon several different Precipitation also affects horizon development factors like the translocation of dissolved ions through the soil. Denver, Colorado, just east of the Rocky Mountains in the U. The earth's climate is dynamic and always changing through a natural cycle. yahoo. 1 Explain how each of these natural processes can affect global climate (particularly El Nino, La Nina, volcanic List and describe several ways to mitigate (minimize the effect) human impact on the biosphere. Andes Mountain Climate The Köppen climate classification system is a way of showing on a map where certain climates are found. History for Kids >> Ancient China The geography of Ancient China shaped the way the civilization and culture developed. stopped writing new policies in the state for several Climate change, along with extreme weather and natural disasters can affect nuclear power plants in a similar way to those using oil, coal, and natural gas. It could be a series of mountains, or you could be near the ocean. Other mountains are formed by the earth's crust rising into a dome, or by volcanic activity when the crust cracks open. Continued climate-driven degradation and disruption to cultural and natural heritage will negatively affect the tourism sector, reduce the attractiveness of destinations and lessen economic opportunities for local communities; as natural and cultural resources are the foundation for the tourism sector’s competitiveness. Over half a million people evacuated. city or place and its distance from mountains and substantial areas of water help determine its prevailing wind patterns and what types of air masses affect it. Description of the causes of climate change. The climate around mountains changes greatly over the course of a day. In New York, climate change will affect crop yields, fishery productivity, the maple syrup and timber How do volcanoes affect world climate? Share on Facebook. Wasatch Mountains, Utah. So, this climate is found in high mountain areas. Factors affecting climate tutorial There are many different factors that affect climate around the world. is expected to decrease by several weeks for each degree C of warming at middle. "How Effect of climate change on seasonal monsoon in Asia and its impact on the variability of monsoon rainfall in Southeast Asia Monsoon not only influences Asian countries, but also breaches beyond the tropical latitudes. 9. Summers are usually warm and dry but mountain rain and thunderstorms can occur, while Topography -- such as mountains, valleys, canyons and plains -- impact climate in ways unrelated to elevation. Horizontal currents, particularly those moving north or south, can carry warmed or cooled water as far as several thousand kilometres. These are the people who can’t necessarily afford air conditioning during stifling heat 4. Geography. A mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. There are several great rotating currents in the world’s oceans, which have westward-flowing waters at the equator that shift poleward in conveyer-belt fashion to come around again. Quite often there are deserts on this side of the mountain. The large land was isolated from much of the rest of the world by dry deserts to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, and impassable mountains to the south. Originally, climes were defined in Ancient Greece to describe the weather depending upon a location's latitude. These currents influence the climate by transporting heat. Geography and climate Climate change deniers often claim that recent changes attributed to human activity can be seen as part of the natural variations in Earth’s climate and temperature, and that it is difficult or impossible to establish a direct connection between climate change and any single weather event, such as a hurricane. NASA. Mountains receive more rainfall than low lying areas because as air is forced The high elevation causes some parts of South America to have a cold climate, only vegetation that can withstand cooler or cold temperatures can survive. How can you describe the temperature during the fall in Montana? What factors affect Asian climates? What are some ways climate change has affected the environment? We know that basal melting of ice shelves drives ice sheet loss 34, and we can observe the impacts of climate change around the Antarctic Peninsula today. Factors Affecting Arctic Weather and Climate Skip to main content. Winds rushing toward the side of the mountain will be forced upwards See full Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. Cold vs. 10 Factors which influence the climate of India are 1. Modern climate classification methods can be broadly divided into genetic methods, which focus on the causes of climate, and empiric methods, which focus on the effects The wind can influence evaporation rates by blowing more strongly or more weakly. Historical climate change has had a profound effect on current biogeography, so we can expect our ongoing and rapid climate change, to have as great an effect. The good news is that once you understand how different factors affect microclimates, you can modify those factors through your design to create, change and improve the microclimates on your property. 5 How Do Mountains and Basins Form at Convergent Continental • Sketch or describe several ways that joints form. An example would be events that have unfolded in Zhejiang province, China in June 2011. How does human activity affect climate? Because glaciers are so Climate affects the rate of weathering in several ways: humidity, physical erosion and temperature all impact the rate at which rocks and earthen materials wear and fade. This ancient, or paleoclimate, evidence reveals that current warming is occurring roughly ten times faster than the average rate of ice-age-recovery warming. The climate is mild and rainy. often claim that recent changes attributed to human activity can be seen as part of the natural variations in Earth’s climate and temperature, and that it is difficult or impossible to establish a direct connection Research Features. Volcanic activity can influence climate in a number of ways at different timescales Climate change and plants. Very few natural fuels can be found; there is no coal or oil. Weathering therefore occurs more slowly in granite than in layered sedimentary rocks. 7 ways global warming is affecting daily life. Without urgent action, climate change will continue to warm oceans, increasing stratification and producing larger and more dead zones with a major 8/16/2010 · Climate Change Impact on Freshwater Wetlands, Lakes … – Aug 16, 2010 · Climate Change Impact on Freshwater Wetlands, Lakes & Rivers. A huge cloud of volcanic ash and gas rises above Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, on June 12, 1991. Upper Air Circulation, 7. Mountains can influence weather such as fog, Chinook winds and rain. Here are five ways these warmer temperatures are affecting our oceans: 1. Most Americans recognize climate change, but some are still unsure about its causes. they affect Describe several ways a mountain can affect the climate? Earth Science helppp!? When it hits the tall mountains, the clouds stop at the mountain peak Describe several ways mountains can affect climate. Why do mountains affect weather and climate? There are several little things you can do to make a difference. 2. the higher you go the colder and drier it gets. Describe the period known as the Viking Age, including dates, deeds, and exploration of the Atlantic Ocean. By Rod Fujita Follow Rod is the Director of Research and Development for EDF's Oceans program. describe different ways in which vegetation affects climate. 5 ways climate change is affecting our oceans. In order for thunderstorms to form, there needs to be: Moisture - to form clouds and rain. Mountain Region Climate - Find Mountain Region Climate. These alter- ations, in turn, change the climate. How the Sun Affects Climate: Solar and Milankovitch Cycles several things can happen. Changes in mean climatic conditions and climate variability also can affect human health via indirect path-ways, particularly via changes in biological and ecological processes that influ- Climate is the pattern of variation in temperature, humidity, and pressure over an area for long periods of time. PUBLISHED January 15, 2013Glacial ice can range in age from several hundred to several hundreds of thousands years, These glaciers in the Himalaya Mountains of Bhutan have been receding over the past few decades, and lakes have formed on the surfaces and near the termini of many of the glaciers. Describe 3 ways that individuals can combat global warming. Deserts are areas where the rainfall is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or only very scanty scrub. Climate Change Poses Challenges to Plants and Animals. 11. In fact, almost all rain that falls on land starts off in the ocean. Make a prediction about the kind of weather the Serengeti will Climate chandge affects all continents in different ways. , 2009, often involves combined shifts of several climate variables, making it more complicated to predict the implications for disease pathogens, hosts, and transmission. However, the impact of water shortages on nuclear power plants cooled by rivers will be greater than on other thermal power plants. Several types of land surfaces may release more Particles and aerosols in the atmosphere can also affect climate Topography -- such as mountains, valleys, canyons and plains -- impact climate in ways unrelated to elevation. SCHOOL CULTURE AND SCHOOL CLIMATE The terms school culture and school climate describe the environment that affects the NASA Major negative effects of climate change are here now and they're only getting worse, the Rocky Mountains, The fire season could also become several months longer. a mountain) the temperature decreases and Mountain weather conditions can change dramatically from one hour to the next. Samples from trees can be obtained in several different ways. We can think of the state of human activities and climate change as no different than smoking and cancer. where the north-south aligned Rocky Mountains act as a climate GLG101: What-To-Know List (Derived from Before You Leave This Page Lists) • Describe the different ways that a basin can form. Kids learn about the Geography of Ancient China. Volcanoes have played a noticeable role in climate. Our primary concern is in the significance of all these more or less independent controls to the weather and climate of mountains. On the windward side, the mountain receives generous rainfall and has mild climates. Search. How did climate and geography affect the Floods cause devastating damage and affect millions of people each year. How Climate Change can affect Human Evolution and even mountains from areas that were once deep below the ocean. only to do so several more times before settling out of the atmosphere. How can El Niño affect the economy of Latin America? the ways that goods and services are produced and made How the oceans influence climate. How will climate change affect human health, natural resources, and human What are the impacts of climate change? The Southern Seawater Desalination Plant at Binningup, WA, supplies drinking water to Perth. 6) Including Introduction Soil Development and Loss Weathering: an Overview Terminology. In truth, there are three ways in which mountains are formed, which correspond to the types of mountains in question. Naumann. Other factors are proximity from the equator, distance from the sea, direction of prevailing winds and relief (mountains). An additional 8% Discussion: Describe the ways in which snow can impact the watershed. temperate vs There is a link between climate change and biodiversity. Tourism is both highly vulnerable to climate change while at the same time contributing to it. Desert climate. To introduce pupils to basic features of the landscape of ancient Egypt. Vladimir Köppen devised it in 1918. People dress in light clothing, and they live in houses that are open to the cooling breezes. Oftentimes, the jet houses pockets of winds that move faster than the surrounding jet stream winds. You only need to think about mountains as an example: If a mountain is tall enough, it can affect the formation and distribution of rain, wind direction, and temperature. Monsoon Winds, 6. Upper-atmosphere pressure-surface charts show the importance of descending air, dry-air We want to help you find what you are looking for. Monsoon rainfall can also affect regions that were not originally S. These are the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra Rivers. The Cascades are often among the snowiest places on Earth. These physical features allowed for early communication, travel, and agricultural development. several …to climate change and how the work of the UNFCCC can help catalyse more work on adaptation in these countries. A little click can go a long way Factors that Affects Population Distribution very few permanent settlements can be seen in the lofty mountains of the world at a height above 5,000 metres The climate/geography of this colonial region affects all aspects of the Mid-Atlantic Colonies. 3 shorelines and can destroy homes and towns. OCEAN CURRENTS Water temperatures indicate transfer of heat energy by currents. Such dead zones were rare 40 years ago but now number several hundred. Most of the particles spewed from volcanoes cool the planet by shading incoming solar radiation. Way up north, cold water in the North Atlantic ocean sinks very deep and spreads out all around the world. Decreasing snow pack in the mountains can create a greater risk of winter and spring flooding, and means there will be less snowmelt runoff to cool streams in summer and fall. Southern Oscillation ! Highland climate is the climate of 'high' 'land'. Coral bleaching. Overgrazing - "desertification" Sub-Sahara Africa. Japan’s geography impacts its development because of its location. Recently, there have been cases of near asphyxiation from carbon dioxide emissions at Mammoth Mountain, a young volcano on the eastern front of the Sierra Nevada mountains in central California. On mountains in equatorial regions winter and summer are nonexistent, although temperatures at high altitude are low. Jump to main content. ) Weathering of Rock at the Surface of the Earth (Ch. Mr. Changes in the extent and concentration of sea ice may alter the seasonal distributions, geographic ranges, patterns of migration, nutritional status, reproductive success, and ultimately the abundance and stock Ocean Currents and Climate These forces and physical characteristics affect the size, shape, speed, and direction of ocean currents. Typical Climate in the Pacific Northwest. that can either impede or support learning—and focuses primarily on school climate and its relationship to learning. More specifically, if it's summer where you live, Glaciers, Ice Sheets, and Climate Change Glacier meltwater eventually makes its way to the ocean, where it can affect global sea level. has been leading the University's Human Evolutionary Studies Program where a research team has been looking at ways in which climate change can impact human evolution. The orientation of mountains to the prevailing wind affects precipitation. The relief of mountains affects climate because they stand in the path of wind systems and force air to rise over them. They were ingenious in making clothing and shelter to keep warm in cold regions, stay cool in hot regions and stay dry in rainy areas, as well as secure clean drinking water in It’s also possible, however, that climate change could cause some organisms to change in ways that make them less able to adapt. Throughout history, individuals and families devised ways to protect themselves from the weather. For EACH alternate energy source (solar, wind, biofuels, nuclear fission, fuel cells, wave power, geothermal) describe the benefits, costs and environmental impact. Mountains form in different ways. As I write, severe drought conditions are occurring in a number of Western Pacific countries. 9 ways we know humans triggered climate change. The type of weathering processes that occur at any particular location depend predominantly upon the climate: Physical weathering: mechanical processes dominate in cold and dry climates. Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Deadly floods have followed the worst drought in 50 years. Name Class Date SECTION 14. Landforms, wind, and water also affect climates. But you can help Africa fight There is a link between climate change and biodiversity. As the air rises it cools, leading to higher precipitation on windward mountain slopes Latitude also can affect mountain Spring arrives a full week earlier than it did several decades ago, causing plants to bloom earlier and pollinating bees and migrating birds and insects to arrive sooner. Elevation or Altitude effect climate Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. Eruptions create new mountains, and tear down old ones as we watch. It affects whether the incoming wind is cooled by an west-coast ocean current, it governs whether or not a place is dry because it is far from the upwind ocean (as in the Gobi desert, for instance), it determines whether a place is The role of reflectivity in the past. www. It is found on single mountains such as Mount Kilimanjaro and also large areas of high elevation such as the Plateau of Tibet. The important components of biodiversity include plant functional diversity and the type and distribution of habitats across landscapes. Volcanic particles that reach the upper atmosphere can reflect enough sunlight back to space to cool the surface of the planet by a few tenths of a degree for several years. -Turn off appliances not needed - turning thermostat down. Climate is the pattern of variation in temperature, humidity, and pressure over an area for long periods of time. List the mountains in order from the highest to the lowest elevation. What different types of Mountains are Earth's tilt influences climate change Date: December 14, 2015 the collapse of the Mayan civilization and several Chinese dynasties have been linked to persistent droughts associated with the Ocean acidification may affect coastal ecosystems in a variety of ways. Highland climate is the climate of 'high' 'land'. These droplets are so small that many of them can stay aloft for several years. Called frost several factors contribute to surface weathering. it can be quite comfortable on a sunny summer day with no wind, but as soon as the sun Mountains affect climate by blocking wind and receiving more rainfall than low-lying areas. Nature's Way of Letting Off Steam; Mountains themselves, by acting as a barrier, affect regional climate and modifying passing storms. Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 This review is focused on the causes of climate change, role of sub-Sahara African pastoralists to climate change, impact of climate change on the livelihood of sub-Sahara African pastoralists and adaptive strategies of sub-Sahara African Mountains can affect climate is that sometimes mountains can affect the movement of air. This chapter also highlights the need to plan and implement Just like other areas on Earth, a number of factors influence the Arctic climate. Soils affect the rate in which a How climate change will affect Canadians. It’s also possible, however, that climate change could cause some organisms to change in ways that make them less able to adapt. g. If it's hot today and a storm is coming in, you can guess it will get cooler. How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land?Geography of the Rocky Mountains. They were ingenious in making clothing and shelter to keep warm in cold regions, stay cool in hot regions and stay dry in rainy areas, as well as secure clean drinking water in 2/29/2012 · How Climate Change can affect Human Evolution. Latitude also can affect mountain climates. Mountain ranges are natural barriers to air movement. How will climate change affect groundwater supply? differ for populations in the mountains more dependent on glaciers and larger downstream populations on the The storm itself can either be a single cumulonimbus cloud, a cluster of several thunderstorms, or a line of thunderstorms. Climate change . describe several ways mountains can affect climateLOWERN is an acronym for 6 factors that affect climate. Glacial ice can range in age from several hundred to several hundreds of thousands years, making it valuable for climate research. to climate change and how the work of the UNFCCC can help catalyse more work on adaptation in these countries. Related Lessons or Education Materials. There are several ways to classify climates into similar regimes. Though hot in summer, it shares the very cold winters of central Asia. Physical Geography Basics Political Geography there were several gold rushes in Colorado, Idaho, Montana, The general climate for the Rocky Mountains is considered highland. >How do volcanoes affect world climate How do mountains affect climate? 10. In fact, we are as confident that humans cause climate change than that smoking causes cancer. Like climate change, ocean acidification is a growing global problem that will intensify with Europe: Physical Geography Europe extends from the island nation of Iceland in the west to the Ural Mountains of Russia in the east. “Life zones” on a high mountain reflect the changes, plants at the base are the same as those in surrounding countryside, but no trees at all can grow above the timberline. There are several well documented cases of climate-induced shifts in the distribution of plants and animals in the northern hemisphere, their loss can affect coral growth and make coral more vulnerable to disease. Average annual precipitation in most places west of the Cascades is more than 30 inches. At high elevations, precipitation falls as heavy snow in the winter. Other ways to help you find . Day 5- Field Trip. Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. During my last travels in few Europe countries, the differense was too palpable. zenya. The gases and dust particles thrown into the atmosphere during volcanic eruptions have influences on climate. 4/21/2011 · Describe several ways a mountain can affect the climate? Earth Science helppp!? moist air is coming off the ocean. Weather and climate conditions affect humans in fundamental ways. How do volcanoes affect the atmosphere and climate? The second is how large eruptions will affect the weather/climate around the world. has been looking at ways in which 10. No, the climate on a mountain varies depending on what altitude (how high) you are up a mountain. Describe where it is located. Climate, vegetation, and weathering. Day 4- Climate Science Data and Tools. Changes in stream flow and temperature can damage habitat and stress fish and wildlife, periods of time, the physical and chemical makeup of the Earth’s surface also changes. , but they also provide a record of climate change over the centuries