Compulsory meaning in hindi

if something is compulsory, you must do it because of a law or rule: . You should be aware of all the unexpected people and never open your door to some unsolicited people or maintenance people. Adjective. (of something) that must be done; necessary by law or a rule: 3. Information about compulsory in the AudioEnglish. Hindi is enjoying compulsory status in state govt. Being unaware of road signs occur a big catastrophe, so we have well-furnished the article ‘Hindi Meaning of Traffic Signs Symbols and Images’ for the assistance of each. Rewrite each of the following sentences as directed without changing the meaning. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Compulsory Ahead or Turn Left: This sign gives an indication to either go straight or turn left. in most schools physical education is compulsory / attendance is mandatory / required reading. After the body has been dressed up, it should be placed for viewing in the casket. EN "compulsory" in Hindi. adjective. Meaning and Definition of compulsory. With Australia's compulsory voting system comes additional flexibility for the voter — elections are held on Saturdays, absent voters can vote in any state polling place, and voters in remote areas can vote before an Here is your Application for Leave Due to Fever specially written for School and College Students in Hindi Language: Home ›› Leave Applications in Hindi Related Essays: Application to the Principal for Leave of Absence – Sample Application for 15 Days Leave Due to Death of Father in Hindi Application for 5 Days Leave Due […] the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965. Mummification Meaning in Hindi (हिंदी में मतलब) mummification = शव परिरक्षण. Know answer of question : what is meaning of Compulsory in Hindi dictionary? Compulsory ka matalab hindi me kya hai (Compulsory का हिंदी में मतलब ). Compulsory meaning in Hindi: Get meaning and translation of Compulsory in Hindi language with grammar,antonyms,synonyms and sentence usages. VosaVaka-Viti*sir mne new partnership firm bnye h isme 20 se jyda employees h unke monthly wages 6000 tk bnti h kya pf katna compulsory h agr nhi to iske lye kya procsser h. The former, masfuuH retains the basic meaning of ''poured out, spilt'' in dam-e-masfuuH whilst musaafaHat is equivalent to zinaa. Education in India is provided by public schools (controlled and funded by three levels: central, state and local) and private schools. Many young men are trying to get away from compulsory military conscription. Lydia was the su Definition of 'compulsory'. , when i am trying to watch a hindi movie i am unable to understand the meaning because i dont know some words meaning…, also when others talk to me in english i understand only little bit. Here's what you need to know about the now-discredited "science" which actually began in Britain and was once popular throughout the world. Everything will explained in hindi so it is beneficial for Hindi-medium students. There are total 1 hindi meaning and definitions have been listed for the english word 'compulsory'. In most states, it's compulsory for kids to attend school (or an equivalent homeschool) from age six to seventeen. - Involving an option; depending on the exercise of an option; left to one's discretion or choice; not compulsory; as, optional studies; it is optional with you to go or stay. In order to be termed democratic, a regime must have certain characteristics. - Obligatory; enjoined by authority; necessary; due to compulsion. Compulsory & thousands of English and Urdu words Synonyms, definition and meaning. COMPULSORY-meaning in Hindi, Hindi meaning of COMPULSORY, Get meaning of COMPULSORY in Hindi dictionary, With Usage Tips and Notes, Quickly If something is compulsory, you must do it because a law or someone in authority says you must. Compulsory Meaning in Hindi (हिंदी में मतलब). 3. Compulsory Voting. Of hindi speaking states but this does not mean govt. - Having the power of compulsion; constraining. org Dictionary. Compulsory Scrabble Scrore 19 When something is Compulsory , it is required or must be done. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. If something is compulsory, you must do it or accept it, because it is the law or because someone in a position of authority says you must. Under various articles of the Indian Constitution , free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14. Compulsory An Antonym is a word or phrase that is opposite in meaning to a particular word or a phrase in the same language. Without ____ religious pursuit has hardly any meaning. Show More. Meaning and definitions of compulsory, translation in Marathi language for compulsory with similar and opposite words. In fact, the word elective is sometimes used as a noun, to mean "optional class. n. compulsory license. You can also find Compulsory meaning and Translation in Urdu, Arabic, Hindi…Get the meaning of compulsory in Punjabi with Usage, Synonyms, Antonyms & Pronunciation. It is followed by majority of people in india and it is having rich literature, vocabulary and historical significance. Get the meaning of compulsory in Marathi with Usage, Synonyms, Antonyms & Pronunciation. Malayalam meaning and translation of the word "mandatory" Something that is compulsory or required. Here you can view the newest user-contributed suggestions for Hindi to compulsory waiting, Hindi translation of compulsory waiting, Hindi meaning of compulsory waiting, what is compulsory waiting in Hindi dictionary, compulsory waiting related Hindi | …In our next article, we will discuss about NNP,NDP, GNP,GDP, NNPFC, NNP at market price, GDP at nominal price, Market price, Factor Cost, etc. compulsory When something is compulsory , it is required or must be done. Cloud-gatherer-- an epithet applied to Zeus. something, as an athletic feat, that must be performed or completed as part of a contest or competition: The ice skater received a higher score …ITC pushes for compulsory licensing for all cigarette-makers Kerala to make Malayalam compulsory till Class 10 SC declines plea for making Hindi compulsory in schools Medical fitness compulsory for this year's Amarnath Yatra Bengal orders compulsory attendance of staff during GJM stir Compulsory voting regime not feasible: Nasim ZaidiMandatory meaning in Hindi: Get meaning and translation of Mandatory in Hindi language with grammar,antonyms,synonyms and sentence usages. Here is your Application for Leave Due to Fever specially written for School and College Students in Hindi Language: Home ›› Leave Applications in Hindi Related Essays: Application to the Principal for Leave of Absence – Sample Application for 15 Days Leave Due to Death of Father in Hindi Application for 5 Days Leave Due […] compulsory education Education required to be completed by every child in a country, nation or state, the education type and age enacted in governmental law or legislation. Meaning of mandatory. Malayalam meaning and translation of the word "mandatory" How to say compulsory school age in Hindi. The Factories Act, 1948 (Act No. compulsitor. mandatory synonyms, mandatory pronunciation, mandatory translation, English dictionary definition of mandatory. Hindi English Hindi – English; English Dictionaries. required by rule. a patented product or a product made by a patented process) – without the permission of the patent owner. IAS Mains English Compulsory 2000. People are recommended to keep their pockets in rear pocket and never in their trouser or rear pockets. Order now. Never miss a great news story! Get instant notifications from Economic Times Allow Not now. org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Find descriptive alternatives for not compulsory. It is now compulsory for anyone claiming state benefit to register with a job centre. Moreover, many states still continue to oppose Hindi and their students neither know how to read, write or speak Hindi. The optional class 10 board exam will become mandatory again from 2018 and students may have to study an Indian language, besides English and Hindi, till they pass high school. Kannada becomes mandatory subject in Karnataka schools. compulsory for someone make something compulsory compulsory vaccination/voting/schooling compulsory retirement/redundancy compulsory insurance/superannuation. Synonyms & Antonyms : Compulsory. Tags: Hindi meaning of Compulsory , Compulsory meaning in hindi, Compulsory ka matalab hindi me, Compulsory translation and definition in Hindi language. compulsory definition: 1. A company is the creation of law,it cannot die itself as an natural death. A listing of mandatory traffic road signs and symbols in India, with their meanings and Images. What does mandatory mean? Proper usage and pronunciation (in phonetic transcription) of the word mandatory. Voluntary Arbitration is arbitration by the agreement of parties. Compulsory का मतलब (मीनिंग) हिंदी में जाने |. How to use compulsory in a sentence. Dept. Compulsory Meaning in Urdu. duben 2015Pronunciation of Compulsory (कॅम्पॅल्सॅरि/कम्पल्सरी) play. UPSC Mains-2014: Philosophy Question Paper 1 & 2, including Hindi medium PDF [Download] UPSC Mains-2014 Compulsory and Voluntary Excess In Motor Insurance . Required or commanded by authority; obligatory: Attendance at the meeting is mandatory. Claims are paid out only after deducting it. The meaning of the whole compound is often different from the meaning of the two words on their own. It may be used to describe either the language known as standard Hindi, spoken mostly in India, or increasingly, to describe the combined language of Hindustani, which also includes a standard form known as Urdu. To understand the meaning completely, "Ganapathi Instruction Meaning In Hindi be the other two compulsory subjects. Guidelines. It is a fixed amount that depends on the type of vehicle. Use this free dictionary to get the definition of capability in Hindi and also the definition of capability in English. Compulsory meaning in Hindi ( हिन्दी मे मीनिंग ) is अनिवार्य . (adjective) An example of compulsory is a training course you have to attend. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley: Compulsory licences are already provided in our patent law. Marry -शादी करना - Divorce - तलाक देनाClass 10 CBSE board exams mandatory from 2018, to include third language paper too besides English and Hindi, decided on Tuesday to make the exam compulsory …Tackling the compulsory language paper in UPSC mains. You can get more than one meaning for one word in Urdu. ITC pushes for compulsory licensing for all cigarette-makers Kerala to make Malayalam compulsory till Class 10 SC declines plea for making Hindi compulsory in schools Medical fitness compulsory for this year's Amarnath Yatra Bengal orders compulsory attendance of staff during GJM stir Compulsory voting regime not feasible: Nasim Zaidi Compulsory Meaning in Hindi. Usage: In most Compulsory meaning in Hindi: Get meaning and translation of Compulsory in Hindi language with grammar,antonyms,synonyms and sentence usages. Home > News > Military & Aerospace > Does India Need Compulsory Military Training. At least you explained who is Morya but I still don't know the meaning of "Ganpati Bappa Morya!". It is not compulsory to follow all of them but they are highly recommended. 216) non-feasibility of introduction of hindi asLearn & speak Hindi online through English for free in 30 days. 1 Required by law or a rule; obligatory. ITC pushes for compulsory licensing for all cigarette-makers Kerala to make Malayalam compulsory till Class 10 SC declines plea for making Hindi compulsory in schools Medical fitness compulsory for this year's Amarnath Yatra Bengal orders compulsory attendance of staff during GJM stir Compulsory voting regime not feasible: Nasim Zaidi Multibhashi’s Hindi-English Dictionary will help you find the meaning of different words from Hindi to English like meaning of Kshamta meaning of nipun and from English to Hindi like meaning of Ability, The meaning of capability etc. 16. Its meaning is 'अनिवार्य' which can …Compulsory Meaning in Hindi. IAS (Admin. They are asked to use hindi in first priority and english or other language as second priority. Required; obligatory; mandatory. By compulsion. “What does compulsory mean?” In short, it means the minimum acceptable amount of insurance as dictated by your state of residence. hindi As Compulsory Medium : Our Highway To Armageddon And Ultimate Doom 2. compulsory, Marathi translation of compulsory, Marathi meaning of compulsory, what is compulsory in Marathi dictionary, compulsory related Marathi | मराठी words compulsory ~ meaning » DictZone English-Hungarian dictionary. Serving to compel compulsory. The IAS Mains Exam 2014 commenced from 14 December 2014 for 1291 posts. Meaning of Compulsory in hindi. English definition of Compulsory . Meaning of mandatory. 用compulsory造句, 用compulsory造句, 用compulsory造句, compulsory meaning, definition, pronunciation, synonyms and example sentences are provided by ichacha. More Hindi words for compulsory school age. Tries to make it compulsory . English to Hindi Dictionary - Meaning of Compulsory in Hindi is : अनिवार्य, अनिवार्य, बलपूर्वक, बाध्यकर, आवश्यक, बाध्यात्मक what is meaning of Compulsory in Hindi language Meaning of Mandatory in hindi Noun वह जिसको आदेश मिले ( Vah jisako aadesh mile, wah zisako aadesh mile) Examples of compulsory in a Sentence. know the syllabus for english and hindi compulsory papers . The bill was introduced by the Congress government. Why should Hindi be made compulsory in India? Though Hindi is spoken in almost all parts of India, none of the schools in India have made Hindi compulsory till the senior secondary level education. The collocates for mandatory are more things that are simply required by law, policy, or rule, whereas compulsory is more for specifically things that someone must do (e. Javadekar’s clarification comes in the wake of a media report suggesting that the Central government is planning to make Hindi compulsory for students till Class VIII in …definition - What is meant by the term ? meaning of IPO, Definition of on The Economic Times. quality process production backorder procedure fixed cost marginal cost You Also Might Like Debbie Dragon Meaning of Computer in hindi Noun कंप्यूटर ( Kanpyutar, kanpyootar) कम्प्यूटर ( Kampyutar, kampyootar 80% of attendance is compulsory for the students to take the examination. Compulsory definition: If something is compulsory , you must do it or accept it, because it is the law or | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examplesContemporary Examples. , i have gone through small hindi learning books but Definition of self-incrimination in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. Hindi Translation. Sentence usage examples & English to Hindi translation (word meaning). Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of compulsory. Mandatory meaning in Hindi: Get meaning and translation of Mandatory in Hindi language with grammar,antonyms,synonyms and sentence usages. 216 december 2008 1. As you can see, mandatory and compulsory have much stronger collocates. Find more words! Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find Compulsory Meaning in Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. For men and widows either COMPULSORY TURN LEFT COMPULSORY AHEAD ONLY COMPULSORY TURN RIGHT AHEAD COMPULSORY SOUND HORN PUBLIC Microsoft Word - Road Traffic Signs Recognition Chart Physical Education In Schools Should Be Compulsory. prayogshala. In practice, English is a compulsory subject from Early Childhood to Year 13 and is the language of instruction for all subjects except Conversational iTaukei and Hindi in primary school. When hindi Is Hard To Handle It is mandatory for the sale deed of all high value property transactions to be registered at the regional sub registrar's office of the local municipal authority. Of, having the nature of, or containing a mandate. a. Compulsory Hindi or MIL in DU angers NE students An NGO on Tuesday moved the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) against Delhi University’s new policy to introduce Hindi or other Modern Serving to compel compulsory. 1 x 10 = 10 marks. 1. Cloud-compeller. " Also, if someone has elective surgery, that means he’s getting an optional operation, like a nose job or a face-lift. Patent-use license granted on court orders when the patent holder fails to make use of it. This has been a grey area for most policyholders as to what and why should one choose Compulsory and Voluntary Excess in a Motor Insurance Policy and when. Word Hindi is Something that is compulsory or required. There are several compulsory rituals in a Hindu wedding that hold immense significance and deep rooted meaning in the Hindu Religion. Hindi Dictionaries. The Karnataka Assembly on Tuesday passed a bill making the study of the local Kannada language compulsory for all students from class 1 to class 10 in all schools in the state. Road Traffic Signs in India Mandatory/Regulatory Signs Stop Give way No entry Straight prohibited One way Compulsory direction control Turn left Turn right Compulsory licensing. i know only simple words meaning. Definition of 'compulsory'. essay on my dream school in hindi This essay on Republic Day for students and teachers will help them to understand the meaning and significance of Indias Republic Day. Meaning of compulsory education. Compellably. Compulsory Ahead or Turn Right: This sign gives an indication to either go straight or turn right. Know answer of question : what is meaning of Mandatory in Hindi dictionary? Mandatory ka matalab hindi me kya hai (Mandatory का हिंदी में मतलब ). g. View synonyms. You can look wikipedia for more info. 4 Optional Subjects Block 3 Hindi French Spanish Mandarin Chinese Block 4 Economics History Block 5 Biology Business Studies Block 6 Computer Science Art Drama Music Collateral estoppel functions to prevent relitigation of an issue in a subsequent, different cause of action between the same parties when the prior proceeding culminated in a valid final judgment and the issue was actually and necessarily determined in that prior proceeding. All policies come with a compulsory excess clause. Some of the words like ‘Guru’, ‘ Jungle’,’ Karma’, ‘Yoga’, ‘Bungalow’, ‘Cheetah’, ‘Loot’ and ‘Avatar’ have been borrowed from Hindi. विलोम ( antonyms in hindi ) - हिन्दीकुंज,Hindi Website/Literary Web PatrikaCompulsory, mandatory, and obligatory can all mean “required by a law or a rule,” as shown in these example sentences: Massachusetts was the first state to pass a compulsory school attendance law. - Having the power of compulsion; constraining. Definitions of conscription. Sansar Lochan March 16, 2019 PIB Hindi Leave a Comment हमने वर्ष 2018 में PIB और NITI Ayog द्वारा जारी अपडेट को संक्षेप में एक जगह इकठ्ठा करना शुरू कर दिया है. A noun phrase is a word or group of words that can function as the subject, the object, or the complement in a sentence. noun, plural com·pul·so·ries. of compulsory. Search. Compulsory military service was known as "National Service" in the UK. You have searched the English word "Compulsory" which meaning "إلزامي" in Arabic. Most Important One Word Substitution With Hindi Meaning (A to D) By SSCGuides Last updated Feb 7, 2019. "compulsory" translation into Hindi. w. Physical Education In Schools Should Be Compulsory. अनिवार्य ( Anivary, anivaary, aniwary). . learning-hindi. Meaning of optional in Hindi, Hindi Meaning of word optional, What is meaning of optional in HindiMeaning of compulsory. Definition of compulsory in English: compulsory. In both the sentences, the word compulsory is used in the sense of ‘essential. Holding a League of Nations mandate over a territory. According to. Its meaning is 'अनिवार्य' which can be transliterated into english as 'anivary'. Examples - attendance is mandatory - required reading Translation for 'compulsory' in the free English-Hindi dictionary and many other Hindi translations. Over 100,000 Hindi translations of English words and phrases. Definition of compulsory in the Definitions. What is right to education? Education is the most important thing in man life, it makes sense, it effect on mind, it change the character. The Latin roots of conscription translate to “write down together,” which is a much nicer way of saying “Go to war or go to jail. Get to the point IAS (Admin. 90/page. Access all new questions we will add tracking exam-pattern and syllabus changes. This right to education is most fundamental as a human right. 2. Sentence usage examples & English COMPULSORY meaning in hindi, COMPULSORY pictures, COMPULSORY pronunciation, COMPULSORY translation,COMPULSORY definition are included in Compulsory meaning in Hindi. 1 × 5 = 5. compulsory = अनिवार्य. Learning for Meaning in Compulsory Education. compulsory translation french, English - French dictionary, meaning, see also 'compulsory purchase',compulsorily',compulsion',composure', example of use, definition Javadekar’s clarification comes in the wake of a media report suggesting that the Central government is planning to make Hindi compulsory for students till Class VIII in the Education Policy”>New Education Policy. (=a law that requires everyone to attend school. Edwards Deming: Learning is not compulsory neither is survival. They had three years together before Ziad left to do his compulsory military service, leaving on her birthday, April 4, 2001. e. noun, plural com·pul·so·ries. Compellable. something, as an athletic feat, that must be performed or completed as part of a contest or competition: The ice skater received a higher score on the compulsories than on her freestyle performance. com/dictionary/compulsory-meaning-in-hindiCompulsory meaning in Hindi. Contextual translation of "compulsory meaning in bisaya" into Tagalog. Meaning of Deferred Tax Liability & Asset Explained in Simple Words: In Simple words, Deferred Tax Liability is a Provision for Future Taxation. Hindi Translation of “compulsory” | The official Collins English-Hindi Dictionary Russia's system of compulsory military service means that most have some Get the meaning of compulsory in Hindi with Usage, Synonyms, Antonyms & Pronunciation. It is the heart of the HUF program and is compulsory for all HUF students. Get the meaning of compulsory in Hindi with Usage, Synonyms, Antonyms & Pronunciation. 7/21/2009 · India makes education compulsory and free under landmark law The Indian parliament has passed a bill to provide universal, free and compulsory education for …Hindi Literary Web Patrika. The compulsory English language paper in UPSC Civil service Mains exam 2014. they should try to infer the meaning from the context of the passage. Human translations with examples: kaise hai aap, यह सच नहीं है, वो आप नहीं हैं, koi aa raha hai. In many cases the remuneration or royalties received for a copyrighted work under compulsory license are specified by local law, but may also be subject to negotiation. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. मानक हिन्दी (Hindi) Indonesia (Indonesian) Italiano (Italian) தமிழ் (Tamil) Türkçe (Turkish) తెలుగు NATLEX - India. 1 Physiology Under the conscious control of the brain. Meaning: Liquidation or winding up is a legal term and refers to the procedure through which the affairs of a company are wound up by law. Wearing a seat belt is compulsory. compulsory process n noun : Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Information about mandatory in the AudioEnglish. The name by which a person is addressed an appellative. Share to: Answered. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. He finished his exercise and put away his books. Final paper 16. It is technically used for the sacrifice of an animal slaughtered for the sake of Allah. How to say compulsory in Hindi What's the Hindi word for compulsory? Here's a list of translations. Source that was compulsory for schoolchildren worldwide be a unifying force Hindi Translation is the process of translating English Sentence in to Hindi Language. 1 Eligible individuals for ITR-1 SAHAJ (Hindi terminology meaning 'easy') . See Also in Hindi. It is a binding adversarial dispute resolution process in which the disputing parties choose one or more arbitrators to hear their dispute and to render a final decision or award after an expedited hearing. com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. compulsory definition: The definition of compulsory is something that is required, not optional. Also find spoken pronunciation of compulsory in Marathi and in English language. Best of all, everything is completely free!Mummification meaning in Hindi Mummification is a english word. In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. 1581, in the meaning defined at sense 1. Education promotes a man, as individual freedom, and it shown way of life, change the thinking, and it makes smart. net. ©2019 School of Open Learning,University of Delhi COMPULSORY SUBJECTS Block 1 English Language English Literature Physics Chemistry . Define mandatory. Use these phrases in sentences of your own to bring out their meaning clearly. Meaning of compulsory education. IRDP Meaning in Hindi Integrated Rural Development Programme PPT Full Form in Urdu/Hindi IRDP Means IRDP ki What Is HSN Code Under GST? The World has been thriving ever since International Trade and Commerce came into picture. What does compulsory mean? Proper usage and pronunciation (in phonetic transcription) of the word compulsory. What does compulsory mean? Information and translations of compulsory in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The responding school superintendents and 699 chief executive officer of the compulsory language courses. For patents, when the authorities license companies or individuals other than the patent owner to use the rights of the patent – to make, use, sell or import a product under patent (i. Hindi translation of 'compulsory'. Human translations with examples: naive, cuddle, lagundi, meaning sa z, bayo sa bisaya. Ruth Michaelson. So Hindi speakers understand it's meaning. Servant cannot work in english. Synonyms for not compulsory at Thesaurus. What is Hindi definition and meaning of Vishisht ? (hindi matlab - arth kya …compulsory license. Let us understand the same in a step by step manner. Compellative. The Hindi language includes 11 vowels and 33 consonants. Sagaai is the first step towards the formal announcement of a marriage which is followed by various other rituals like Compulsory Right Turn: There is a particular reason for why this sign is installed so the driver should obey and move in right direction for a safety perspective. The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has made it compulsory for Individual and Hindu Undivided Families earning an income in excess of Definitions and Meaning of compulsory in English. 5/6/2017 · Full Hindi Movies HD 2017 Watch hotness of Sunny Leone & Evelyn Sharma in new Hindi movie 2017 full movie "Kuch Kuch Locha Hai" bollywood full movie starringAutor: Unisys MusicVizualizări: 54 milioaneUPSC IAS Civil Services Main Written Exam: Tips for Hindi https://www. Definition of compulsory in the AudioEnglish. Meaning of Words: Questions 1-8 of 33. Definition + Create New Flashcard; Popular Terms. Translation for 'compulsory' in the free English-Hindi dictionary and many other Hindi translations. Nai Sarkar se badi Ummide thi. So you don’t have much of a choice here. That existing provision will continue. Know answer of question : what is meaning of Compulsory in Hindi dictionary? Compulsory ka matalab hindi …Compulsory meaning in Hindi ( हिन्दी मे मीनिंग ) is अनिवार्य . Compulsory meaning in Hindi : Get meaning and translation of Compulsory in Hindi language with grammar,antonyms,synonyms and sentence usages. How to say compulsory in Hindi What's the Hindi word for compulsory? Here's a list of translations. HINDU DEATH RITES: SUGGESTED GUIDELINES Aum Muruga Journal Supplement Page 3/6 2. In Hindi Language and Culture. Thank you. Usage: Mummification was a great and compulsory ritual in ancient Egypt. Vishisht ka hindi arth, matlab kya hai?. It is compulsory to send report on the CSR Meaning, Difference Explained; { Sir tamilnadu board class 11 ka ancient and medival india hisyory ka book hindi me Essay On My Dream School In Hindi. you have given very detailed Information on pf in hindi. Even though political theorists debate the scope and depth of the characteristics of a democracy, there is a common understanding that certain minimum requirements comprise a democratic regime. Bookmark this website for future visits. Having the power of compulsion; constraining. Meaning in Hindi with picture dictionary for Bank PO,SSC,CAT,SAT,GRE,IELTS,TOEFL,UPSC,GMAT,GATE,IBPS - Improve vocabulary and learn English DailyVocab English to Hindi Meaning with Pictures DictionaryOn this page you will get the Compulsory hindi meaning, definition, antonyms and synonyms of Compulsory. [including an establishment being a factory within the meaning of sub- clause (ii) of Hindi is a language spoken throughout most of northern India, although it is understood in much of the rest of the country. In most states, it's Compulsory for kids to attend school (or an equivalent homeschool) from age six to seventeen. Now a day, Hindus do not perform all of the rituals because of the changes in lifestyle. You have searched the English word "Compulsory" which means "لازم" laazim in Urdu. A Sunni-Shia Love Story Imperiled by al Qaeda. Meaning in Hindi with picture dictionary for Bank PO,SSC,CAT,SAT,GRE,IELTS,TOEFL,UPSC,GMAT,GATE,IBPS - Improve vocabulary and learn English DailyVocab English to Hindi Meaning with Pictures Dictionary Keywords: We talked about today upsc mains syllabus and upsc prelims syllabus 2019, ias optional subjects in hindi language. English Dictionary Japanese Dictionary French Dictionary Korean Dictionary Russian Dictionary Chinese Dictionary Hindi 1. Find Aansoo meaning in English - Hindi, Aansoo Origin: Hindi Aansoo is a Hindi word, it means "tears" in English, while in Hindi it's also called as "ashroo. education, military, sterilization). Report word. (2011). Know answer of question : what is meaning of Mandatory in Hindi dictionary? Mandatory ka matalab hindi …Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. Nel Regno Unito il servizio militare obbligatorio era chiamato "Servizio Nazionale". The Major Road Blocker for globalisation is language. You can take elective classes in high school or college. Find more words! Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find Hindi meaning of Compulsory Dismissal compulsory dismissal / अनिवार्य बरखास्तगी Compulsory voting is an effect of laws which require eligible citizens to register and vote in elections, and may impose penalties on those who fail to do so. William S. Definition of mandatory in the AudioEnglish. English It is intended to be compulsory in all of our Member States and at EU level. Synonyms: draft, muster, selective service Types: levy, levy en …Such extraction is used in phasevocoder techniques, expanded to more complex methods extracting individual partials, noise and transients. is it compulsory for a general goods supplier selling goods to end consumer to COMPULSORY SUBJECTS Block 1 English Language English Literature Physics Chemistry . However, I am all in favor of supporting the teaching of Hindi, the translation of good books (especially higher education text books) into Hindi, the publication of decent dictionaries, the creation of good quality literature in Hindi, etc. Compulsory Enlistment For Military Service: Conscription: ‘Udhiya’ is an Arabic word meaning blood sacrifice, and ‘Qurbani’ is an Urdu and Persian word derived from the Arabic word Qurban which literally means an act performed to seek Allah’s pleasure. 5. Definition of compulsory education in the Definitions. 63 of 1948),as amended by the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987 (Act 20 of 1987) India. Compulsory is a english word. COMPULSORY TURN LEFT COMPULSORY AHEAD ONLY COMPULSORY TURN RIGHT AHEAD COMPULSORY SOUND HORN PUBLIC Microsoft Word - Road Traffic Signs Recognition Chart HINDI- PAPER-I 1. What does compulsory mean? (Hindi) Indonesia (Indonesian) Italiano (Italian) Meaning of Mandatory in hindi Noun वह जिसको आदेश मिले ( Vah jisako aadesh mile, wah zisako aadesh mile) Get definition and hindi meaning of Vishisht in devanagari dictionary. What does self-incrimination mean in law? Self-incrimination legal definition of self-incrimination. 38 $13. Skip to contentThis page is about Hindi Meaning of Compulsory to answer the question, "What is the Meaning of Compulsory in Hindi, (Compulsory ka Matlab kya hota hai Hindi me)?". } HI. Compulsory definition is - mandatory, enforced. We came to know today upsc exam pattern in hindi. Compulsory accident insurance coverage for hug staff not compulsorily insured with the suva and the supplementary accident insurance for employees who are compulsorily insured with the suva and non suva as well as doctors for private activities. All of Education Full Forms in Hindi Tech Full Form Internet Full Form Banking Full Forms mein har saal 2 semesters hote hain bohat sari specialization mein subjects jesy English aur Math students ke liye compulsory subjects hote hain. Definition of compulsory in English: compulsory. In Gandhian era the people of our country had ____ spirit of patriotism. Compulsory military service was known as "National Service" in the UK. _wpemojiSettings = {"baseUrl":"https:\/\/s. 2013 Compulsory Voting 1 Topic of the paper Democracy is built on freedom to vote and have Hindi can be traced back to as early as the seventh IAS (Admin. Dictionary Entries near compulsory. THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT, 2009 Clarification on Provisions Chapter 1: Preliminary Section 2 defines words and expressions used in the Act. Compulsory deductible or excess for car insurance is that amount that is mandatorily deducted by insurance companies on each and every claim you make. share with friends. Keep scrolling for more. compulsory meaning. compulsory meaning in Hindi. The Year in India is a crucial and exciting component of HUF’s primary mission of bringing students to professional competence. see compulsion. Meaning of compulsory. The rule of compulsory retirement has been held to hold the balance between the rights of the individual Government servant and the interest of the public. Meaning of Compulsory in hindi Adjective अनिवार्य ( Anivary, anivaary, aniwary) Compulsory Meaning in Urdu. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. In the UK compulsory education is up to the age of 16. Meaning of Compulsory Deductible For Car Insurance. ’ Compulsory meaning has been search 2081 (two thousand and eighty-one) times till 3/5/2019. Some people could find them outdated or useless, but they do have deep meanings and really help people. Mummification Meaning in DetailEnglish to Hindi Dictionary - Meaning of Compulsory in Hindi is : अनिवार्य, अनिवार्य, बलपूर्वक, बाध्यकर, आवश्यक, बाध्यात्मक what is meaning of Compulsory in Hindi languageNow, since hindi has played important role during freedom movement. compulsory meaning in hindiIncome Tax Return is the form in when assessee files information about his Income and tax 4. Topic: Issues relating to intellectual property rights. ’ I do not think Hindu should be made compulsory in India. 4 Block 3 Hindi French Spanish Mandarin Chinese Block 4 Economics Compulsory English and regional language papers a manner that its meaning becomes clear. elective, non-compulsory, non-mandatory, not required, open, open to choice, volitional, up to the individual. 1 Done, given, or acting of one's own free will. What does compulsory education mean? Information and translations of compulsory education in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. compulsory definition: 1. Wearing uniform is compulsory. Kanyadaan. Usage: In most Definitions and Meaning of compulsory in English. Get definition and hindi meaning of Vishisht in devanagari dictionary. ‘compulsory military service’ ‘it was compulsory to attend mass’ More example sentences ‘Upon completion of compulsory service each soldier is assigned to a reserve unit. 1. png","svgUrl":"https:\/\/s. Definitions Language Hindi is widely spoken in all major parts of the world where most of the Indians are living happily. org\/images\/core\/emoji\/11\/svg Public Revenue: Meaning, Tax Revenue, Non-Tax Revenue with Classification of Public Revenue! Compulsory revenue includes income derived by the state from administration, justice, and taxation. English, Urdu Words In Ncert's hindi Books Irk Rss's Batra 3. Medium of Instruction to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress. Compulsory licensing may be established through negotiating licenses that provide terms within the parameters of the compulsory license. मानक हिन्दी (Hindi) Indonesia (Indonesian) Italiano (Italian) தமிழ் (Tamil) Türkçe (Turkish) తెలుగు (Telugu) ภาษาไทย All our dictionaries are bidirectional, meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same time. Related Essays. Here is your Application for Leave Due to Fever specially written for School and College Students in Hindi Language: Home ›› Leave Applications in Hindi Related Essays: Application to the Principal for Leave of Absence – Sample Application for 15 Days Leave Due to Death of Father in Hindi Application for 5 Days Leave Due […] EUGENICS is a movement now associated with the crimes against humanity committed by the Nazis during Hitler’s rule over Germany. Common Antonyms with Hindi meaning,The word 'Antonym' means a word that is opposite in meaning to another given word. Share compulsory. law commission of india (report no. However, it can adopted for other languages too – When a sentence seems complicated, just give a general translation so that its meaning is understood. The Hindi-English dictionary has new Hindi translations added to it constantly. PIL in Supreme Court to make Hindi compulsory in class I-VIII in country Public servants and judges of higher judiciary, who have studied regional languages, find it difficult to read, write and speak Hindi while serving in Hindi-speaking states. volume_up. There are thousands of products being transacted around the World, some specific to a country and some relating to most of the countries. compulsory  Compulsory meaning in Hindi - Compulsory का मतलब हिंदी में www. adj. If something is compulsory, you must do it because of a rule or law: 2. What are the Constitutional Provisions Regarding Education in India? Constitution for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age What is the meaning of the hindi word batimeez? Hence Meaning In Hindi. Meaning and definitions of mandatory, translation in Marathi language for mandatory with similar and opposite words. The average civilian or recruit coming into the Army often misunderstands the meaning of the words military discipline. Military & Aerospace. (2) It extends to the whole of India 2***. ) IAS Mains Compulsory-Hindi questions for your exams. History and Etymology for compulsory. ’ What does it mean to say rate includes compulsory gala dinner? Required by rule is the main meaning of compulsory. Yeezy meaning in Hindi Get meaning and translation of Yeezy in Hindi language with grammar The Official Language Commission recommended that so far as the language of the Supreme Court is concerned Hindi eventually should be the language of the Supreme Court when the time comes for the change-over. Its meaning is 'अनिवार्य' which …First Known Use of compulsory. ) Obligatory also has a second meaning that is quite different from the first. (= compulsory) → obligatorio each article contained the mandatory quota of rude jokes > (iro) Vishisht - Matlab in Hindi. Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared . Examples - attendance is mandatory - required reading Pronunciation of Compulsory (कॅम्पॅल्सॅरि/कम्पल्सरी) play. Compulsory Meaning in Hindi. compulsive Hindi meaning compulsively meaning Hindi meaning of compulsory compunction stand for computation definition computational Hindi translation translate compute in Hindi computer computerised computerization computerize definition in Hindi. A compound noun is a noun that is formed from two or more words. ’ The meaning of the first sentence would be ‘80% of attendance is essential for …Traffic Signs Meaning: Traffic signs are the soundless speakers on the road through which pedestrian get instructions how to execute on street and choose the path securely. Common Antonyms with Hindi meaning are listed below. This is the paper for english compulsory section of IAS Mains Exam 2014. com/education/upsc-ias-civil-services-mainThe Hindi Language Compulsory question paper is a qualifying paper in the UPSC IAS Civil Service Written Exam. compulsory. Taxes, fines and special assessments are regarded as compulsory revenue. compulsory meaning in hindi net dictionary. W. definition - What is meant by the term ? meaning of IPO, Definition of on The Economic Times. The rule is intended to enable the Government to energise its machinery and to make it efficient by compulsorily retiring those who, in its opinion, should not be there in public interest . "mandatory" മലയാള വ്യാഖ്യാനം, അര്‍ഥം. Cambridge IGCSE Hindi as a Second Language is designed for learners who already have a working knowledge of the language and who want to consolidate their understanding in order to progress in their education or career. In East Germany, learning Russian was compulsory. Does India Need Compulsory Military Training. compulsory ~ in Hungarian. Multibhashi’s Hindi-English Dictionary will help you find the meaning of different words from Hindi to English like meaning of Kshamta meaning of nipun and from English to Hindi like meaning of Ability, The meaning of capability etc. The manager interviewed all the applicants on Tuesday. adv. Here is meaning of Vishisht in hindi. Therefore, govt. What is compulsory? Compulsory education was introduced in 1870. Similar: obligatory (morally or …The Hindi Language Compulsory question paper is a qualifying paper in the UPSC IAS Civil Service Written Exam. Road Traffic Signs in India Mandatory/Regulatory Signs Stop Give way No entry Straight prohibited One way One way both directions Vehicles prohibited in Horn prohibited Compulsory direction control Turn left Turn right Ahead or turn left Ahead or turn right Ahead Keep left Cycle rickshaw trackroad traffic signs recognition chart stop give way no entry pedestrian prohibited right turn prohibited left turn prohibited u-turn prohibited overtaking prohibited compulsory turn left compulsory ahead only compulsory turn right ahead compulsory sound horn public telephone petrol pump hospital first aid light refreshment move ongovernment of india law commission of india non-feasibility of introduction of hindi as compulsory language in the supreme court of india report no. Sail through IAS Mains and Prelims (both English & Hindi): Fully-explained Prelims (Both GS & Aptitude) problems with detailed solutions. ) IAS Mains Compulsory-Hindi: Access 199 fully-solved questions- including past (previous years) papers with detailed and illustrated explanations, tests with insightful analytics based on NTA (National Testing Agency) guidelines- all systematically arranged in topics and sub-topics. What 22 words 6 class for in essay on trees hindi revised: The club organized a committee on honors and awards, coordinators for the better. window. Compellation. In either case, nothing is required or compulsory — it's a free choice. I am telling this keeping in mind the Hindi compulsory paper. These revenues express an element of state sovereignty. Meaning of Compulsory in hindi Adjective अनिवार्य ( Anivary, anivaary, aniwary)Multibhashi’s Hindi-English Dictionary will help you find the meaning of different words from Hindi to English like meaning of Kshamta meaning of nipun and from English to Hindi like meaning of Ability, The meaning of capability etc. This is in sta Learning for Meaning in Compulsory Education (2011) ISBN 9781616687427. We will write a custom sample essay on Should school uniform be compulsory? specifically for you. Capable of being compelled or constrained. On the other hand, saffaaH in modern Arabic meaning a person who kills many people doesn't necessarily equate to ''serial killer'', because a mass murderer (who kills many people but not in a series) is also possible. It was used as a means of communication. obligatory [not usually before noun] if something is obligatory, you must do it because of a rule or law. The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the The Right of children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 27 vxLr 2009 dks jkti= eas izdkf’kr AThe Karnataka Assembly on Tuesday passed a bill making the study of the local Kannada language compulsory for all students from class 1 to class 10 in all schools in the state. Learn more. Contextual translation of "no its not compulsory" into Hindi. india. 63 of 1948), as amended by the Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987 (Act 20 of 1987) A factory shall not be deemed to be extended within the meaning of this section by reason only The compulsory English language paper in UPSC Civil service Mains exam 2014. n compulsory military service. Hindi Bhasha ka Itihas aur Bhasha Vigyan Sansar ki bhashaon ka vargikaran, Hindi bhasha ka udbhav aur vikas, Bhasha ke vibhinna roop, Hindi ki boliyaan, Shabd bhandar, Lipi ka udbhav aur vikas, Bhasha ki pravritiyaan, Bhasha parivartan ke karan, Bhasha vigyan ki paribhasha aur uski vyapakta, Compulsory voting in Australia was adopted in the state of Queensland in 1915 and subsequently adopted nationwide in 1924. Resources for compulsory. जाने Compulsory का मतलब क्या होता है हिंदी में इस पृष्ठ पर, Compulsory kya hai, Compulsory kise kahte hain Did you know? All our dictionaries are bidirectional, meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same time. नमस्ते namaste and welcome to Learning Hindi! We teach the beautiful language of Hindi in short, easy and fun lessons. Compulsory Meaning in Urdu: Searching meanings in Urdu can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. Definition of voluntary in English: voluntary. Translation for 'compulsory' in the free English-Hindi dictionary and many other Hindi translations. Compulsory Education refers to a period of education that is required of every person. 5) What do you understand by Compulsory licensing? What is its importance in countries like India? Also examine if providing Compulsory licensing to generic pharma companies is in violation of WTO rules. अनिवार्य Learning Latin is no longer compulsory here. Style of address or salutation an appellation. ) IAS Mains Compulsory-English: Access 380 fully-solved questions- including past (previous years) papers with detailed and illustrated explanations, tests with insightful analytics based on NTA (National Testing Agency) guidelines- all systematically arranged in topics and sub-topics. The Kannada Language Learning Bill 2015 codifies Yeezy meaning in Hindi Get meaning and translation of Yeezy in Hindi language with grammar The Official Language Commission recommended that so far as the language of the Supreme Court is concerned Hindi eventually should be the language of the Supreme Court when the time comes for the change-over. Bengali Gujarati Hindi Kannada Malayalam Marathi Tamil Telugu English - Gujarati Dictionary Search Tags: Gujarati Meaning of mandatory , mandatory Meaning, English to Gujarati Dictionary, mandatory Gujarati MeaningCompulsion Meaning in Hindi. compulsory, Marathi translation of compulsory, Marathi meaning of compulsory, what is compulsory in Marathi dictionary, compulsory related Marathi | मराठी words Find English word Compulsory meaning in Urdu at UrduWire online English to Urdu dictionary. The rituals of the Hindu wedding ceremony start days before the actual wedding ceremony. Compulsory Hindi or MIL in DU angers NE students An NGO on Tuesday moved the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) against Delhi University’s new policy to introduce Hindi or other Modern Why is "Khatna" (circumcision) compulsory in Islam? What is the reason behind this? 80% of attendance is compulsory for the students to take the examination. Compulsory Anivaarya Vowel Swar Consonant Vyanjan War Jang Peace Yoga in Hindi, योगा : योग एक प्राचीन भारतीय जीवन-पद्धति है। जिसमें शरीर, मन और आत्मा Apposite GRE,CAT,SAT,IELTS,Bank PO,SSC,TOEFL,UPSC,GMAT Vocabulary Words Usage sentence,English Hindi Meaning,Synonyms, Antonyms & Mnemonic,Picture Dictionary, and Re: How many subjects are compulsory in class 10th(CBSE)? Between sanskrit and hindi can I choose only one subject or hindi is compulsory for the class 10th cbsc please give the name of all compulsory subject . compulsory {adj. Conversational iTaukei and Hindi are only taught up to Year 8. Chapter 2: Right to Free and Compulsory Education Section 3 provides to every child of the age of six to fourteen years the right to free and compulsory education in a Get 1 year subscription: Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 199 questions. ’ The meaning of the first sentence would be ‘80% of attendance is essential for the students to take the examination. bring about for Mains GS, Essay, Complulsory (Hindi and Yoga in Hindi, योगा : योग एक प्राचीन भारतीय जीवन-पद्धति है। जिसमें शरीर, मन और आत्मा Sex before walima. " For eg: "Woh aansoo the jinko mein Re: How many subjects are compulsory in class 10th(CBSE)? Between sanskrit and hindi can I choose only one subject or hindi is compulsory for the class 10th cbsc please give the name of all compulsory subject . Do not change the form of the words. Good news everyone! We now have a shared Google Drive Folder, which you can find here http://www. government of india law commission of india non-feasibility of introduction of hindi as compulsory language in the supreme court of india report no. Get definition and hindi meaning of Vishisht. Please learn it to improve your word power. You can get more than one meaning for one word in Arabic. There are total 1 hindi meaning and definitions have been listed for the english word 'compulsory'. You can also find Compulsory meaning and Translation in Urdu, Arabic, Hindi…Compulsory meaning has been search 2081 (two thousand and eighty-one) times till 3/5/2019. Also find spoken pronunciation of mandatory in Marathi and in English language. By this time solving the above sections, you must have got enough Yoga in Hindi, योगा : योग एक प्राचीन भारतीय जीवन-पद्धति है। जिसमें शरीर, मन और आत्मा Yoga in Hindi, योगा : योग एक प्राचीन भारतीय जीवन-पद्धति है। जिसमें शरीर, मन और आत्मा Compulsory Hindi or MIL in DU angers NE students An NGO on Tuesday moved the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) against Delhi University’s new policy to introduce Hindi or other Modern Lagi, Compulsory teaching of English … 93 _____ function (Subramani, 2000b). English Compulsory paper of IAS Mains Exam 2014. This article is beneficial for those who are busy in ias preparation. Graduate in any discipline with adequate knowledge of Hindi and English. , & Funnell, R. Burroughs: Humility is indeed beatness, a compulsory virtue that no one exhibits unless he has to. Yes because Participation in sport promotes health. English definition of Compulsory . in sentences so as to bring out their meaning: 5 . Learn More about compulsory. Hindu rituals have some kind of mystical science associated with them. Lekin inka 58 saal se pahle Puri pf ki rakam naa milne wala deceison mujhe achcha nahi laga. Know the answer of what is the meaning of Compulsory in hindi, Compulsory ka arth, hindi word for Compulsory, Compulsory ka matlab, Compulsory ki definitionPIL in Supreme Court to make Hindi compulsory in class I-VIII in country Public servants and judges of higher judiciary, who have studied regional languages, find it difficult to read, write and speak Hindi while serving in Hindi-speaking states. ” Thesaurus. In other words, if talking about auto insurance (which is typical) compulsory is the bare minimum insurance coverage for you to be allowed to legally operate your vehicle. What is self-incrimination? Meaning of self-incrimination as a legal term. com/drive, with several resources to help you learn Hindi. Javadekar’s clarification comes in the wake of a media report suggesting that the Central government is planning to make Hindi compulsory for students till Class VIII in the Education Policy”>New Education Policy. ITC pushes for compulsory licensing for all cigarette-makers Kerala to make Malayalam compulsory till Class 10 SC declines plea for making Hindi compulsory in schools Medical fitness compulsory for this year's Amarnath Yatra Bengal orders compulsory attendance of staff during GJM stir Compulsory voting regime not feasible: Nasim Zaidi Hindi Translation of “compulsory” | The official Collins English-Hindi Dictionary online. Sentence usage examples & English Apr 16, 2015 Video shows what compulsory means. December 26, 2014. using compulsion; compelling; constraining: compulsory measures to control rioting. This school is a very ____ institution. मानक हिन्दी (Hindi) Indonesia (Indonesian) Italiano (Italian) தமிழ் (Tamil) Türkçe (Turkish) తెలుగు (Telugu) ภาษาไทย Meaning of compulsory. ‘Upon completion of compulsory service each soldier is assigned to a reserve unit. Upsc examination is conducted every year. for only $16. Citation Stevenson, J. website for hindi sahitya, ICSE ISC CBSE NOTES hindi poems,premchand ,hindi novels, hindi grammer,hindi story . Notes & detailed answers for Mains GS, Essay, Complulsory (Hindi and English) papers and optionals . As of August 2013, 22 countries provide for compulsory voting, and 11 democracies — about 5% of all United Nations members — enforce it. org\/images\/core\/emoji\/11\/72x72\/","ext":". Tags: Marathi Meaning of compulsory, compulsory Meaning, English to Marathi Dictionary, compulsory Marathi Meaning 2015